Hezbollah has adapted to the American crackdown on its money laundering operations by bringing in new front-men and shell companies. In the U.S., municipalities across the country have suffered ransomware attacks. And, new corruption investigations demonstrate the vulnerability of Central and South American governments to drug cartels.
Transnational Criminal Organizations
Globalization has its downsides as well as its benefits, and the increasing interconnectedness of the global economy has also contributed to the growth of transnational networks of organized criminals. These organizations operate across state boundaries in order to achieve economic gain by illegal means, as in the case of drug cartels or human trafficking rings. Yet the dividing line between a transnational criminal organization and an international terrorist organization is not always clear. As governments grapple with the problem of violent non-state actors in a world in which sovereign states are no longer the principal players, the blurred distinction between criminal and terrorist organizations continues to have lasting legal and policy effects.