As a means of coercion short of war, international sanctions have become a key tool in the modern diplomatic toolbox. Sanctions may aim at preventing economic or military development as retaliation for perceived misconduct across a wide spread of policy areas, including human rights, the environment, and nuclear proliferation. In the case of economic sanctions, ongoing controversy over their effectiveness does not seem to have had a limiting effect on their widespread use.

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Lifting of Treasury Sanctions on Deripaska Highlights Role for Congress in Foreign Affairs Decisions

Some have worried that the Trump administration’s lifting of U.S. sanctions on three entities associated with a Russian oligarch might be a quid pro quo with Moscow, but the process by which the sanctions were lifted actually tells a story of respect for the rule of law.

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