As a means of coercion short of war, international sanctions have become a key tool in the modern diplomatic toolbox. Sanctions may aim at preventing economic or military development as retaliation for perceived misconduct across a wide spread of policy areas, including human rights, the environment, and nuclear proliferation. In the case of economic sanctions, ongoing controversy over their effectiveness does not seem to have had a limiting effect on their widespread use.

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The Lawfare Podcast: Making Sense of the Unprecedented Sanctions on Russia

Over the past week, the United States and its allies have responded to Russia's military invasion of Ukraine with some unprecedented actions of their own—economic sanctions that target Russia in ways that have never been tried before, let alone applied to one of the world's largest economies over just a handful of days.

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