On Tuesday, Saudi Arabia and the UAE showed their support for the ouster of Muslim Brotherhood President Mohamed Morsi, and the army's new grip on power, by presenting Egypt with eight billion dollars in aid.
Latest in Laura Dean's Cairo Diary
It's the first morning of Ramadan---a little after 5:30. For the first time I can remember, I hear birds in Cairo, loud chattering ones that persist despite the city's inhospitality to wildlife.
I am seldom up at this hour.
Many people in Cairo have been up for a few hours already. Or, rather, they woke up a few hours ago for suhour, the morning meal before the day's fast, and then went back to sleep.
It was a terrible day by 6 am Monday morning, and it has been getting worse all day. What we know: 51 people died from gunshot wounds that they sustained outside the Republican guard facility, and 435 others were injured. One soldier also died, and 42 soldiers were injured. We may never know what really happened.
Tahrir Square is full tonight. Tamarod marchers converge on downtown from all over Cairo. Rabaa el Adaweya is packed as well again today, only with Morsi supporters.
I haven't written yet in this diary about Egypt's second city---the lovely Mediterranean town of Alexandria. I lived there for a few months in late 2011 and wish tonight that I had better news to report. Violence there is ongoing and the death toll over the last few days has risen to fourteen, with dozens wounded in clashes between pro- and anti-Morsi forces.
Egypt has a new Prime Minister---or not.
State news media announced on Saturday that Mohamed ElBaradei, Nobel Prize winner and outspoken critic of the Brotherhood and the Mubarak regime, had been appointed to the position. Soon thereafter, however, close to midnight on Saturday, the interim president qualified the announcement, saying that the decision was not yet final.
So much violence tonight.
When people called for the ouster of President Hosni Mubarak in 2011, they clashed against state security forces with a clear goal in mind. There was a positive objective. Not so today, when 30 people were killed across the country. Most died in clashes between supporters and opponents of ousted president Morsi and five members of the police were killed in Sinai in separate incidents.
In the U.S., the Fourth of July is the nation's birthday. In Egypt, it's the first day of the rest of the country's life.
It happened so fast that many of us are still in shock, still processing everything that's happened in the last few days.
All day, the Tweeps have been busy coining new terms like "Civil Coup," "Coup Egyptian Style," "People Supported Military Coup," "Popularly Legitimate Coup," "Coupvelution" and "popular impeachment"---or just objecting to the use of the word "coup" at all. A coup that so many people like this much can't really be a coup, after all.
At 7 p.m. this evening, Mohamed Morsi was informed by the armed forces that he was no longer president of Egypt. Prime Minister Hisham Qandil has been sacked and sentenced to one year in prison. All I can hear is car horns with intermittent jubilant chanting.
Another astounding day in Cairo, with rumors flying around that ministers, including the Prime Minister, had resigned, only to be refuted moments later. The Tamarod ultimatum, calling for President Morsi to leave by 5 pm on Tuesday has been superceded by the army's ultimatum that it will impose a solution if the crisis is not resolved by tomorrow.
Let me start with a recap of the day's dramatic events.
The Morsi regime continues to face devastating pressure. The Muslim Brotherhood's offices in Cairo were burned last night and this morning, and the police did nothing to prevent it.