Openness need not empower authoritarian abuse of international institutions. Democratic leadership can contest the erosion of liberal values.
In Perpetual Peace, Immanuel Kant imagined a world unified under global government that preserved order and kept the peace. Even a cursory glance at the news is proof that Kant’s dream is as far off as ever. Nevertheless, there are already some institutions—the United Nations, international courts, the World Bank—that may yet transform themselves into the forerunners of a more internationalized governanceare system. And increasingly, there are a number of specific, often technical, areas where international cooperation is so robust that a trajectory toward something akin to international governance is an real possibility. In the coming years, internet governance offers a particularly compelling test case.