A slapdash rollout and decision at odds with the international community are an uncomfortable fit for the complex and hotly contested political history of the Golan Heights.
Latest in Middle East and North Africa
As new U.N. Special Envoy for Syria Geir Pedersen prepares to assume his position on January 7, it is an opportune time to revisit the Syrian constitutional drafting effort and its role within the larger Syrian peace process.
Failed efforts suggest a federalist system based in Baghdad might create new problems.
Many states in the Arab world have debated the value of decentralization and federalism, but none has successfully adopted a constitution that satisfies those objectives.
As Hamas explores new tactics following the March of Return, the fate of civilians in Gaza remains uncertain.
“Federalism” has specific connotations in the Middle East, which must be understood before suggesting federal reforms as solutions to the region’s most persistent conflicts.
Events of the last decade suggest a growing momentum for federalist governance around the world.
Daniel Byman analyzes the benefits and costs of continued U.S. support for the Saudi and Emirati intervention in Yemen.
At best, proxies can hope for resources and assistance from a foreign power—but they should never count on it lasting over time.