In the world of kinetic military operations, collateral damage is typically straightforward to assess because of well-established definitions, well-understood weapon characteristics, and reasonably well-defined legal and policy frameworks. Sasha Romanosky and Zachary Goldman discuss the challenges of extending this framework to cyberattacks with non-physical consequences.
Global Intelligence Oversight focuses on the new institutions and dynamics shaping and constraining intelligence agencies operations and explores the roles that particular types of oversight bodies serve by evaluating their operations in liberal democracies around the world.
The recent news about Volkswagen’s manipulation of emissions test results reveals a different kind of insider threat, one that damages the bonds of trust between society and the institutions upon which we rely for many aspects of our lives.
In recent months, targeted sanctions on Russian and Ukrainian companies and individuals have formed the core of American and European Union (EU) efforts to deter Russia from escalating the conflict in Ukraine. But the ability of the EU to do so moving forward may be threatened as a result of lawsuits that have been filed by individuals on whom sanctions have been imposed.