In the world of kinetic military operations, collateral damage is typically straightforward to assess because of well-established definitions, well-understood weapon characteristics, and reasonably well-defined legal and policy frameworks. In traditional warfare, collateral damage occurs when a hostile action causes unintended physical damage to civilian persons or objects.
Zachary Goldman and Samuel Rascoff recently released Global Intelligence Oversight: Governing Security in the Twenty-First Century.
Insider threats rightly occupy a significant portion of the public discussion (and private debate inside corporations and government agencies) about cybersecurity. The company employee who intentionally or inadvertently releases sensitive information can cause as much damage as the Russian organized crime group or the Chinese military unit that steals information for profit or to further national political objectives. Just ask former NSA Director Gen. Keith Alexander, who had to deal with the fallout from Edward Snowden’s unprecedented leaks of classified information.
In recent months, targeted sanctions on Russian and Ukrainian companies and individuals have formed the core of American and European Union (EU) efforts to deter Russia from escalating the conflict in Ukraine. But the ability of the EU to do so moving forward may be threatened as a result of lawsuits that have been filed by individuals on whom sanctions have been imposed.