The potentially destabilizing effects of lifelong rule in China almost certainly outweigh the short-term benefits. The only guaranteed outcome of the elimination of constitutional term limits for the presidency is a period of deep geopolitical and ideological instability once succession politics come into play.
Taisu Zhang is an Associate Professor of Law at Yale Law School and works on comparative legal history—specifically, economic institutions in modern China and early modern Western Europe—comparative law, property law, and contemporary Chinese Law.
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The pessimist might predict that Trump's presidency will only embolden Xi Jinping to centralize power even more dramatically, but there are good reasons to feel more optimistic about a number of other issues, ranging from economic reform to public sentiment.