Robert Carolina

rcarolina's picture

Robert Carolina is the Executive Director of the Institute for Cyber Security Innovation at Royal Holloway University of London, where he also lectures on legal and regulatory aspects of cyber security. He is a graduate of the University of Dayton, Georgetown University Law Center, and the London School of Economics, and has more than two decades’ experience as a practitioner of ICT law.

Subscribe to this Lawfare contributor via RSS.


Why the EU Has Issued Relatively Few Data Protection Adequacy Determinations? A Reply

A January 2, 2017 commentary by Ariel Teshuva raises an intriguing question. While the European Commission is vested with the authority under Article 25(6) of the Data Protection Directive to issue data protection adequacy determinations—a declaration that a given jurisdiction outside the EU provides adequate legal protection for personal data—why have so few been adopted?