Max Smeets

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Max Smeets is a Senior Researcher at the Center for Security Studies (CSS) at ETH Zurich. Max is co-founder and Director of the European Cyber Conflict Research Initiative (ECCRI.eu), an organization promoting the interdisciplinary study of cyber conflict and statecraft in Europe and beyond. He is also an Affiliate at Stanford University Center for International Security and Cooperation. He is the author of 'No Shortcuts: Why States Struggle to Develop a Military Cyber-Force' (2022)

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Cyber & Technology

NATO Allies Need to Come to Terms With Offensive Cyber Operations

In May 2008, the U.S. Department of Defense and the German Ministry of Defence signed a memorandum of understanding concerning “Cooperation on Information Assurance and Computer Network Defense.” Computer network defense (CND) refers to actions taken on computer networks to monitor and protect those networks. It is not the only memorandum the U.S. Department of Defense has signed with allies on cyber defense.

Cybersecurity and Deterrence

What Is Absent From the U.S. Cyber Command 'Vision'

United States Cyber Command recently released a new “command vision” entitled “Achieve and Maintain Cyberspace Superiority.” The document seeks to provide: “a roadmap for USCYBERCOM to achieve and maintain superiority in cyberspace as we direct, synchronize, and coordinate cyberspace planning and operations to defend and advance national interests in collaboration with domestic and foreign partners.”