Russia is keeping the influence it has built up in the Central African Republic, Libya, Mali and Sudan.
Jalel Harchaoui is an analyst specializing in North Africa. He has written extensively on the Libyan crisis’ international dimension in Foreign Affairs, Politique Étrangère, Small Arms Survey, War on the Rocks, and other outlets.
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To many Libyan households, the top security threat plaguing their daily lives isn’t the risk of being caught in the crossfire between contending militias, falling victim to a jihadi group, or being kidnapped for ransom. A more unrelenting consequence of Libya’s dysfunctional politics is its monetary crisis. The principal manifestations—chronic shortage of dinar banknotes, along with a weak valuation of the Libyan currency in the black market—first emerged in 2014. Unlike the ongoing civil war, which also began in 2014, the monetary crisis has consistently intensified through the months.