Elsa Kania

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Elsa B. Kania is an adjunct senior fellow with the Technology and National Security Program at the Center for a New American Security. Her research focuses on U.S.-China relations, China’s military strategy, defense innovation and emerging technologies. She has been invited to testify before the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, and the National Commission on Service. Her views are her own.

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China

The Biden Administration Should Review and Rebuild the Trump Administration’s China Initiative From the Ground Up

After a string of questionable cases and poorly managed prosecutions, the incoming Biden administration should reform and rebuild the Justice Department’s program for countering Chinese economic espionage to embody the highest values of the U.S. justice system.

Artificial Intelligence

China’s Strategic Ambiguity and Shifting Approach to Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems

On April 13, China’s delegation to United Nations Group of Governmental Experts on lethal autonomous weapons systems announced the “desire to negotiate and conclude” a new protocol for the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons “to ban the use of fully autonomous let

Artificial Intelligence

Great Power Competition and the AI Revolution: A Range of Risks to Military and Strategic Stability

Today’s rapid advances in artificial intelligence (AI) could disrupt and destabilize the existing military balance—and not necessarily for the reasons that have captured popular imagination. The potential realization of Artificial General Intelligence or “superintelligence” merits discussion, but it remains a relatively distant possibility.

Artificial Intelligence

The Dual-Use Dilemma in China’s New AI Plan: Leveraging Foreign Innovation Resources and Military-Civil Fusion

On July 20, China’s State Council issued the “New Generation Artificial Intelligence Development Plan” (新一代人工智能发展规划), which articulates an ambitious, three-step agenda for China to lead the world in AI. The Chinese leadership recognizes that AI will be critical to its “comprehensive national power” and competitiveness, including in national defense.