The U.S. and its allies have embraced a deterrence-based approach combined with a high degree of ambiguity regarding questions of law and policy in cyberspace. But this ambiguity undermines attempts to develop clear binding norms for state conduct in cyberspace.
Maj. Gen. Dan Efrony was the Military Advocate General of the Israel Defense Force from 2011–2015. He served for 15 years in the IDF intelligence corps, rising to the rank of lieutenant colonel. He is an associate researcher at the Hebrew University’s CyberLaw Program.
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