Since its November 2018 announcement of the Paris Call, a code of conduct for cyber space, France has turned to the offensive. On Jan. 18, French armed forces minister Florence Parly unveiled the country’s first doctrine for offensive cyber operations.
Arthur P.B. Laudrain is a Rotary Global Scholar for Peace and a doctoral researcher in cybersecurity at the University of Oxford. He holds a bachelor's degree in international studies from the University of Montreal, a master's degree in international peace and security from King’s College London and an LLM in public international law from the University of Leiden. His current interests relate to peace and security in cyberspace, with focuses on norms of behavior, defense policies and assessing states’ cyber military capabilities. He is joining the French Strategic Research Institute (IRSEM Paris) as a Visiting Research Fellow in spring 2019.
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On Nov. 11 at 11:00 a.m., more than 70 world leaders walked towards the Arc de Triomphe in Paris to commemorate the centenary of the end of the First World War and to honor the 19 million people who lost their lives in it. French President Emmanuel Macron delivered a charged speech denouncing nationalism and urging all leaders to pursue peace through multilateralism. On Nov.