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Category Archives: Cybersecurity

Axiom — A Chinese APT

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Tuesday, October 28, 2014 at 4:39 PM

And just to prove that we are equal-opportunity victims, I also saw, today, this report from Novetta on “Operation SMN” – a report on a Chinese APT dubbed Axiom.  Here’s a bit of the Executive Summary: Axiom is responsible for directing highly sophisticated cyber espionage operations against numerous Fortune 500 companies, journalists, environmental groups, pro-democracy . . .
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Russian APT28

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Tuesday, October 28, 2014 at 11:58 AM

We tend to focus our attention on Chinese APT cyber threats for good reason — they tend to be more overt and focus on American business interests.  But we should not lose sight of the fact that Russian cyber skills are just as good (perhaps even better) than Chinese ones. And now, FireEye has reminded . . .
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China’s Cyber War on the Protesters

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Monday, October 6, 2014 at 8:30 AM

As Benjamin Bissell noted a few days ago, Hong Kong protestors have developed some interesting ways of trying to avoid Chinese repression, including the use of an app, FireChat, that allows them to communicate without using the internet at all.  But, as you might expect, China was not likely to stand idly by.  Consider this . . .
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So How Does Vladimir Putin Feel About Cyber, Anyway?

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Friday, October 3, 2014 at 4:15 PM

Two days ago, Russian President Vladimir Putin gave a significant cybersecurity speech to Russia’s Security Council. For all you Russian speakers, the original text and video can be found on the Kremlin’s website here.  For everyone else, I have translated the speech and posted it below. Though the speech is interesting for all sorts of . . .
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The 2014 National Intelligence Strategy Roadmap

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Tuesday, September 30, 2014 at 11:52 AM

The Office of the Director of National Intelligence recently released its 2014 Strategy Roadmap, which can be found here. From the ODNI press release: Director of National Intelligence James R. Clapper unveiled last week the 2014 National Intelligence Strategy – the blueprint that will drive the priorities for the nation’s 17 intelligence community (IC) components over the . . .
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Neustar? What’s a Neustar?

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Monday, September 29, 2014 at 4:16 PM

Today’s New York Times opened with an above-the-fold story entitled “Spy Agencies Urge Caution on Phone Deal.”  The Wall Street Journal had a similar report, about “Security Concerns Arise with Phone Database Contract.”  The gravamen of both articles was the potential national security implications of a relatively obscure decision to consider transferring a phone switching . . .
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More Tightening of Internet Restrictions by China

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Tuesday, September 23, 2014 at 4:00 PM

The Chinese Communist Party (“CCP”), already infamous for its deep censorship of internet in the People’s Republic, seems to be squeezing the web’s net even tighter. Since coming to power, President Xi Jinping has consolidated internet regulatory agencies into a new, streamlined entity: the State Internet Information Office (SIIO). According to noted China specialist Bill . . .
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The Encryption Wars Continue

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Saturday, September 20, 2014 at 12:31 PM

For quite a while it has been the case that properly implemented encryption will defeat efforts to crack it (at least using current technology). Yet it has been the case for an equally long time that very few people actually use encryption to protect their vital secrets – not journalists, not criminals, and most assuredly . . .
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Cyber Jumps The Shark

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Wednesday, September 17, 2014 at 12:23 PM

To “jump the shark” is a symbol for when a phenomenon (usually a TV show) reaches its apex and begin declining in quality.  It’s named after a famous “Happy Days” episode where Fonzie gets on a water skis and actually jumps over a shark.  Though usually directed at artistic media, the phrase sometimes resonates with . . .
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Exploding Gas Tanks: Risk, Liability and Internet of Things

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Sunday, September 7, 2014 at 10:24 AM

Well, summer is over now and it’s time to get back to the real world.  For starters, I had a chance to participate in a podcast for The Security Ledger on the topic of the vulnerability of the Internet of Things.  Here’s a summary and the full podcast is at the Security Ledger web page: . . .
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Reflections on DefCon and Black Hat

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Tuesday, August 12, 2014 at 10:53 AM

I had the opportunity to go to Las Vegas last week to attend the annual events surrounding DefCon and Black Hat.  DefCon is a 22-year old convention of hackers (a/k/a security researchers) and Black Hat is its more “corporate” adjunct.  It tells you almost everything you need to know about the difference between them that . . .
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Dan Geer Cybersecurity Keynote at Black Hat

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Friday, August 8, 2014 at 8:47 AM

Dan Geer gave this keynote address at the Black Hat conference yesterday.  It is entitled Cybersecurity as Realpolitik.  It begins with some general thoughts on the state of play in cybersecurity, addresses ten pressing policy issues, and is characteristically filled with insights throughout.  The speech is very much worth a read.  Or a watch – . . .
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Everybody is Vulnerable

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Wednesday, July 30, 2014 at 8:01 PM

Even the vaunted Israelis. “A Chinese hacking team previously accused of being behind raids against US defence contractors has been accused of a new data heist: plundering the tech behind Israel’s Iron Dome missile defence system.”  Apparently this was in 2011-12 so it isn’t connected to the current conflict — except, of course, that it . . .
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True Lawfare — The Fight to Seize Iran’s Domain Name Continues

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Wednesday, July 30, 2014 at 5:24 PM

A month ago, we wrote about an effort by several plaintiff’s lawyers, representing terrorist victims, to seize the Iran domain name (.IR).  Turns out there was even more to it than we were aware of at the time, as the same group of lawyers have filed similar writs of attachment against Syria (.SY) and North . . .
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Why Indictments Won’t Stop China’s Cybersnooping

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Tuesday, July 29, 2014 at 8:58 AM

The Chinese government and its proxies have recently ratcheted up harassment of U.S. IT firms doing business in China.  In the last week, China has deployed its antitrust laws against Qualcomm and Microsoft.  This comes on the heels of recent attacks in China on Apple and Cisco and IBM.  China has also increased its harassment of . . .
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On NSA’s Subversion of NIST’s Algorithm

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Friday, July 25, 2014 at 2:00 PM

Of all the revelations from the Snowden leaks, I find the NSA’s subversion of the National Institute of Standards’s (NIST) random number generator to be particularly disturbing. Our security is only as good as the tools we use to protect it, and compromising a widely used cryptography algorithm makes many Internet communications insecure. Last fall the Snowden . . .
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CISA Boom Bah …

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Tuesday, July 22, 2014 at 4:53 PM

Sorry, I just couldn’t resist the title which does not reflect my true feelings about CISA, the Cybersecurity Information Sharing Act of 2014.  Approved earlier this month by the Senate Intelligence Committee, this bill awaits Senate floor action.  In the current environment, I think its legislative prospects are modest (though perhaps we might see it . . .
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A Taxonomy of Cyber War IHL Questions

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Thursday, July 3, 2014 at 11:50 AM

I have been asked to write a chapter, tentatively entitled “Law and Warfare in the Cyber Domain,” for the next edition of Moore, Roberts & Turner, eds., National Security Law.  As part of that effort, I have been thinking about where the gaps are in the domain of international humanitarian law as applied in cyberspace.  . . .
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Bits and Bytes

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Monday, June 30, 2014 at 11:56 AM

While the rest of the world is watching the Supreme Court’s final decision day of the year, it’s been a busy time in the cyber world as well.  Herewith seven (!) bits and bytes of interest, in no particular order: Facebook’s Psych Experiment.  You’ve no doubt read that Facebook manipulated news feeds as an experiment. . . .
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Seizing Iran’s Domain Name — .IR

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Friday, June 27, 2014 at 3:08 PM

As we have noted in the past, there is a brewing fight over who controls the naming function for the internet.  I suspect that some who’ve read these posts have wondered if they were truly germane to national security — the nominal subject matter of this blog.  Today, we find a bit more evidence of . . .
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